9 quick and easy dynamic warm up stretches to do before a run

  • Post last modified:October 22, 2021
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The warm up is essential before any run as it prepares your body for the run ahead. A proper warm up will raise your body temperature and increase blood flow to your muscles, therefore making you less susceptible to injury and soreness after your run.

These quick and easy dynamic warm up stretches to do before a run are great as they help to mobilise your muscles and joints. They work by targeting key muscles in your legs, core, arms and shoulders, therefore ensuring all parts of your body are ready to go before your run.

According to a 2015 study, it was found that when runners completed dynamic warm up stretches before a run, they were better able to sustain hard effort for longer when compared to those who didn’t do a dynamic warm up.

Over the years, there has been some confusion over the types of stretching that you should do before a run. Whilst static stretching should be done as part of a cool down after a run, dynamic stretches should be done before a run as part of your warm up.

Put simply, a dynamic warm up is ‘moving while you stretch’ or stretching through a joint’s full range of motion, which helps to encourage blood flow and prevent injury. 

The key difference between dynamic stretches and static stretches is how you hold the muscle in the stretch. Dynamic stretches are not held for any length of time, they are designed to get the body moving, whilst static stretches are where muscles are extended and held for a period of time. 

Here are 9 quick and easy dynamic warm up stretches to do before a run. You will learn about the best dynamic warm up stretches for your legs, core, arms and shoulders. 

Related: 7 of the best glute strengthening exercises for runners

dynamic warm up stretches to do before a run

9 quick and easy dynamic warm up stretches to do before a run

Leg swings

Leg swings can be done forwards and backwards or side-to-side whilst you face a wall. They are one of my favourite dynamic warm up stretches to do before a run because they mobilise your legs whilst also working your hip flexors, abductors and adductors. 

The leg swing should be a controlled movement with no forced effort. 

  1. Stand with your feet hip width apart and start to swing one leg back and forth while balancing on the other. Hold onto a wall or tree if needed.
  2. Swing your leg forward and backward 5-10 times.
  3. Bring your leg down and repeat with the other leg, swinging 5-10 times.

Related: How to warm up before a run: 4 actionable tips

Hamstring sweeps

Hamstring sweeps are great for mobilising your hamstrings which are the key muscles at the back of your upper leg. Your hamstrings can often feel tight so it’s important to maintain flexibility and mobility to reduce the risk of injury. 

  1. Take a short step forward keeping your heel firmly on the ground.
  2. Keep your front leg straight and bend your back knee, sinking your bottom towards the ground as though you’re about to sit in a chair.
  3. At the same time as keeping the front leg straight, sweep down with your hands towards the ground.
  4. Alternate legs as you walk forwards – each movement should take two to three seconds on each leg. 

Related: Morning stretches for runners: 6 simple moves all runners should do

dynamic warm up stretches to do before a run

Deep forward lunge

This is one of my favourite dynamic warm up stretches to do before a run as it targets your glutes and hip flexors which can easily become tight and sore when you run regularly. 

  1. Start by standing with your feet together then step your right leg forward and lower down.
  2. Bend both your knees to a 90 degree angle – your back knee should come close, but never touch the ground.
  3. Reach towards the ground with your left arm and bring your torso forward over your front leg.
  4. Hold for three seconds then return by pushing through your right heel and return standing. 
  5. Repeat on the opposite leg. Do 5 reps on each leg.

Related: 7 essential running drills to improve running form and performance

High skips

High skips are so satisfying to do as part of a warm up. They are an all-body movement which means they target your legs, arms, shoulders and core. It’s advisable to do high skips at the end of a warm routine as they can be quite demanding physically. 

  1. Start out by skipping and drive your knee up, whilst remaining in control of the movement (i.e. not flapping your arms).
  2. Aim to go as far and high on each stride as possible. 
  3. Do them for 15-20 seconds then repeat. 

Related: 5 essential hip flexor stretches for runners

dynamic warm up stretches to do before a run

Side shuffles

Side shuffles are great for raising your heart rate. They also target all the key running muscles: calves, hamstrings, glutes and quads. You’ll also find they’ll test your agility and coordination.

  1. Start by standing with legs straight and arms hanging by your sides. 
  2. Step to the side by doing quick side shuffles.
  3. Shuffle for 10 to 15 metres then repeat on the other side.
  4. Keep doing them for about one minute.

Related: How to prevent knee pain when running: 5 actionable tips

Fast feet

This dynamic exercise is great for raising your heart rate before a run, as such I normally do this at the end of a warm up as a finisher. You will feel the burn in your glutes and quads after this dynamic warm up.

  1. Start with your feet hip-width apart.
  2. Sink your bottom towards the ground into a half squat position and reach your arms out in front of you,
  3. Lift your heels up so you are on the balls of your feet.
  4. Start running as fast as you can on the spot.
  5. Stay low as you run.
  6. Aim to run on the spot for 15-30 seconds.

Related: 6 ways to prevent heavy legs when running

dynamic warm up stretches to do before a run

Arm circles

Arm circles are probably one of the simplest dynamic warm up stretches to do before a run, and yet so beneficial. They get your arms and shoulders mobilised for your run, which is important as your shoulders can become tight if you’re someone who sits behind a desk all day.

  1. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, arms by your sides.
  2. Slowly swing your arms forward in a circular motion. You should feel your shoulders loosening up as you do this.
  3. Continue in a circular motion, then circle the arms in the opposite direction.
  4. Do 8 reps each direction. 

Related: Neck and shoulder pain when running: 6 quick fixes

Lateral arm swings

Another great movement to target your chest, arms and shoulders is lateral arm swings. They are also great for releasing tension in your upper body.

  1. Stand tall with your feet hip width apart. 
  2. Put both arms straight out in front of you then using your hips and core twist right and left – your outer arm should fold across your chest.
  3. Keep your arms outstretched and parallel to the ground throughout, but loose and flexible enough at the same time.
  4. One full rotation is one rep. Do 15-20 reps. 

Related: 3 quick and easy habits for injury-free running

Star touches

Star touches are great to mobilise your arms and shoulders before a run. 

  1. Stand with your feet wider than shoulder-width apart.
  2. While keeping your legs as straight as possible, reach across your body with your right hand and touch the toes of your left foot.
  3. Straighten back up to the starting position and repeat on the right side.

Related: Run faster and improve your form: How to run strides

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Caroline Geoghegan

Caroline Geoghegan (aka Run With Caroline) helps people become faster and stronger runners. She started her blog in 2018 to share her passion for running. Caroline is a UK Athletics qualified Run Leader and Run Coach and NASM qualified Personal Trainer.

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